## Algorithm 844: Computing sparse reduced-rank approximations to sparse matrices

Michael W. Berry, Shakhina A. Pulatova, G. W. Stewart

## Code and Data Abstract

In many applications---latent semantic indexing, for example---it is required to obtain a reduced rank approximation to a sparse matrix A. Unfortunately, the approximations based on traditional decompositions, like the singular value and QR decompositions, are not in general sparse. Stewart [(1999), 313--323] has shown how to use a variant of the classical Gram--Schmidt algorithm, called the quasi--Gram-Schmidt--algorithm, to obtain two kinds of low-rank approximations. The first, the SPQR, approximation, is a pivoted, Q-less QR approximation of the form (XR11−1)(R11 R12), where X consists of columns of A. The second, the SCR approximation, is of the form the form A ≅ XTYT, where X and Y consist of columns and rows A and T, is small. In this article we treat the computational details of these algorithms and describe a MATLAB implementation.

## Paper Abstract

In many applications---latent semantic indexing, for example---it is required to obtain a reduced rank approximation to a sparse matrix A. Unfortunately, the approximations based on traditional decompositions, like the singular value and QR decompositions, are not in general sparse. Stewart [(1999), 313--323] has shown how to use a variant of the classical Gram--Schmidt algorithm, called the quasi--Gram-Schmidt--algorithm, to obtain two kinds of low-rank approximations. The first, the SPQR, approximation, is a pivoted, Q-less QR approximation of the form (XR11−1)(R11 R12), where X consists of columns of A. The second, the SCR approximation, is of the form the form A ≅ XTYT, where X and Y consist of columns and rows A and T, is small. In this article we treat the computational details of these algorithms and describe a MATLAB implementation.

Michael W. Berry, Shakhina A. Pulatova, G. W. Stewart, et al. "Algorithm 844: Computing sparse reduced-rank approximations to sparse matrices." Journal ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software (TOMS).     doi:10.1145/1067967.1067972. Retrieved 09/27/2020 from researchcompendia.org/compendia/2013.6/

Compendium Type: Published Papers
Primary Research Field: Computer and Information Sciences
Secondary Research Field: Mathematics